What is the purpose of the liver in the digestive system? I know that it produces bile, but what other functions does the liver have in the digestive system? Where does bile go?
The liver's primary role in digestion is the processing of nutrients that are absorbed by the small intestine.
Part of that role is the creation of bile - which is the chemical that breaks down fats and allows the nutrients within fat (such as fat soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K). Bile is stored inside the gall bladder, where it is concentrated and then released when needed to digest food coming from the stomach.
When the small intestine collects the nutrients, they make their way to the liver where they are processed and turned into all the various chemicals the body needs to survive.
The liver also takes harmful chemicals that we consume, such as alcohol, and detoxify it, thus helping to protect the body.